On Atomic Nuclear Fusion Processes at Low Temperatures. Enhancement of Potential Barrier Transmission Probability Due to the So-Called Barrier Anti-Zeno Effect

V. A. NamiotTranslated by E. Baldina

Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Moscow State University, Moscow, 119991 Russia

Correspondence to: e-mail: vnamiot@gmail.com

Received 8 December, 2015

Abstract—It is known that in quantum mechanics the observation of an experiment may in some cases change the results of this experiment. In particular, this occurs for the so-called Zeno effect. It is shown that, unlike the standard Zeno effect for which observation reduces its probability, for a particle that penetrates a potential barrier the opposite situation (called the barrier anti-Zeno effect) can occur, i.e., observation can considerably increase the probability of barrier penetration. The possibility of utilizing the barrier anti-Zeno effect for explaining the paradoxical results of experiments on “cold nuclear fusion” that have been observed in various, including biological, systems is discussed. (According to the experimentalists who performed such studies, in these systems energy release that cannot be explained by any chemical processes, as well as changes of the isotope and even elemental composition of the studied substance, occur).

Keywords: particle transmission through a barrier, barrier anti-Zeno effect, cold nuclear fusion

DOI: 10.1134/S000635091602010X